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J Infect. 2015 Aug;71(2):220-30. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2015.03.011. Epub 2015 Apr 30.

Diagnostic accuracy study of multiplex PCR for detecting tuberculosis drug resistance.

Author information

1
Servei de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Institut d'Investigació Germans Trias i Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Carretera del Canyet s/n, 08916 Badalona, Spain; CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain.
2
Infectious Diseases and Tuberculosis Hospital, Affiliate of Vilnius University Hospital Santariskiu klinikos, Vilnius, Lithuania.
3
Servei de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Institut d'Investigació Germans Trias i Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Carretera del Canyet s/n, 08916 Badalona, Spain.
4
Serveis Clínics, Barcelona, Spain.
5
CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain; Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, Zaragoza, Spain; Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain.
6
Servei de Pneumologia, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Institut d'Investigació Germans Trias i Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Carretera del Canyet s/n, 08916 Badalona, Spain; CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain.
7
Servei de Microbiologia, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Institut d'Investigació Germans Trias i Pujol, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Carretera del Canyet s/n, 08916 Badalona, Spain; CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Spain. Electronic address: jadomb@gmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the diagnostic accuracy of a multiplex real-time PCR (Anyplex II MTB/MDR/XDR, Seegene, Corea) that detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis resistant to isoniazid (INH), rifampicin (RIF), fluoroquinolones (FLQ) and injectable drugs (kanamycin [KAN], amikacin [AMK] and capreomycin [CAP]) in isolates and specimens.

METHODS:

One hundred fourteen cultured isolates and 73 sputum specimens were retrospectively selected. Results obtained with multiplex PCR were compared with those obtained with BACTEC. Discordant results between multiplex PCR and BACTEC were tested by alternative molecular methods.

RESULTS:

Sensitivity and specificity of multiplex PCR for detecting drug resistance in isolates were 76.5% and 100%, respectively, for INH; 97.2% and 96.0%, respectively, for RIF; 70.4% and 87.9%, respectively, for FLQ; 81.5% and 84.8%, respectively, for KAN; 100% and 60%, respectively, for AMK, and 100% and 72.3%, respectively, for CAP. Sensitivity and specificity of Anyplex for detecting drug resistance in specimens were 93.3% and 100%, respectively, for INH; 100% and 100%, respectively, for RIF; 50.0% and 100%, respectively, for FLQ; and 100% and 94.4%, respectively, for both KAN and CAP. Among the discordant results, 87.7% (71/81) of results obtained with the multiplex PCR were concordant with at least one of the alternative molecular methods.

CONCLUSIONS:

This multiplex PCR may be a useful tool for the rapid identification of drug resistant tuberculosis in isolates and specimens, thus allowing an initial therapeutic approach. Nevertheless, for a correct management of patients, results should be confirmed by a phenotypic method.

KEYWORDS:

Fluoroquinolones; Isoniazid; Molecular resistance detection; Multiplex real-time PCR; Rifampicin; Second-line injectable drugs; Tuberculosis

PMID:
25936742
DOI:
10.1016/j.jinf.2015.03.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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