Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Epilepsy Behav. 2015 May;46:198-204. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2015.03.001. Epub 2015 Apr 29.

Use of antiepileptic or benzodiazepine medication and suicidal ideation--The Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine, P.O. Box 5000, 90014, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland. Electronic address: ina.rissanen@student.oulu.fi.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine, P.O. Box 5000, 90014, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; University of Oulu, Institute of Health Sciences, P.O. Box 5000, FIN-90014, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
3
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine, P.O. Box 5000, 90014, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 26, FIN-90029, OYS, Oulu, Finland.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Department of Psychiatry, Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland.
5
Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; Department of Neurology, Oulu University Hospital, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland.
6
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine, P.O. Box 5000, 90014, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; Medical Research Center Oulu, Oulu University Hospital and University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; University of Oulu, Institute of Health Sciences, P.O. Box 5000, FIN-90014, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland; Department of Psychiatry, Oulu University Hospital, P.O. Box 26, FIN-90029, OYS, Oulu, Finland.

Abstract

Both antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and benzodiazepines (BZDs) have previously been associated with an increased risk of suicidality. Our aim was to study the association between the use of conventional AEDs and BZDs and suicidal ideation in a large population-based cohort. Information on the medications used in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 was collected from the subjects at the age of 31 years, using a postal questionnaire (N=8211). The presence of suicidal ideation and other symptoms of depression and anxiety was assessed via the Hopkins Symptom Checklist - 25 questionnaire. The associations between medications and suicidal ideation were studied in different diagnostic groups and adjusted for symptoms of depression and anxiety. No difference was observed in suicidal ideation between AED users (n=54) and nonusers (n=8157). Subjects using BZDs (n=147) had greater suicidal ideation compared with nonusers (n=8064). Antiepileptic drug and benzodiazepine users more often exhibited other depression and anxiety symptoms. After adjustment for these symptoms, both AED and BZD users had less suicidal ideation compared with nonusers. In conclusion, in this population-based cohort, neither the use of AEDs nor that of BZDs was found to be associated with increased suicidal ideation when the symptoms of depression and anxiety were taken into account.

KEYWORDS:

Antiepileptic drugs; Anxiety; Benzodiazepines; Cohort study; Depression; Suicidal ideation

PMID:
25935512
DOI:
10.1016/j.yebeh.2015.03.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center