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Accid Anal Prev. 2015 Aug;81:24-9. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2015.03.029. Epub 2015 May 6.

Effectiveness of low speed autonomous emergency braking in real-world rear-end crashes.

Author information

1
Monash University Accident Research Centre, Australia. Electronic address: brian.fildes@monash.edu.
2
University of Otago, New Zealand.
3
SWOV, Institute for Road Safety Research, The Netherlands.
4
Swedish Transport Administration (Trafikverket), Sweden.
5
European Automobile Manufacturer's Association, Renault, France.
6
Federal Highway Research Institute (BASt), Germany.
7
Automobile Club d'Italia (ACI), Italy.
8
Folksam Insurance, Sweden.
9
Loughborough University, UK.

Abstract

This study set out to evaluate the effectiveness of low speed autonomous emergency braking (AEB) technology in current model passenger vehicles, based on real-world crash experience. The validating vehicle safety through meta-analysis (VVSMA) group comprising a collaboration of government, industry consumer organisations and researchers, pooled data from a number of countries using a standard analysis format and the established MUND approach. Induced exposure methods were adopted to control for any extraneous effects. The findings showed a 38 percent overall reduction in rear-end crashes for vehicles fitted with AEB compared to a comparison sample of similar vehicles. There was no statistical evidence of any difference in effect between urban (≤60 km/h) and rural (>60 km/h) speed zones. Areas requiring further research were identified and widespread fitment through the vehicle fleet is recommended.

KEYWORDS:

AEB technology; Effectiveness; Meta-analysis; Real-world; Rear-end crashes

PMID:
25935427
DOI:
10.1016/j.aap.2015.03.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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