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World J Urol. 2015 Dec;33(12):2015-21. doi: 10.1007/s00345-015-1569-5. Epub 2015 May 3.

Partial nephrectomy driven by cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator under zero ischemia: a pilot study.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Vienna General Hospital, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria. pweibl@yahoo.com.
2
Department of Urology, Vienna General Hospital, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the efficacy and technical applicability of cavitron ultrasonic surgical aspirator (CUSA)-driven zero-ischemia open partial nephrectomy in patients with renal tumors.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We prospectively collected data of 13 consecutive patients, who underwent open partial nephrectomy under non-ischemic conditions. Tumor resection was done using an ultrasonic device (CUSA/SONOCA 300). Demographic and laboratory data, tumor characteristics, perioperative, and postoperative variables were evaluated.

RESULTS:

The median age was 60.0 years (range 40-76); body mass index 28.0 kg/m(2) (range 22.9-43.3); tumor size 37.0 mm (range 11-110 mm). Patient were stratified according to the PADUA score into low- (score 6-7; n - 4), intermediate- (score 8-9; n - 5), and high-risk (score of >10; n - 4) groups, and the median score was 9.0 (range 6-13; SD +2.3). The vast majority of kidney tumors were diagnosed incidentally (n - 11; 84.6 %). Median operative time was 175 min (55-270 min); median time of tumor extirpation was 12 min (6-25 min); and median blood loss was 250 ml. Serum creatinine, glomerular filtration rate, and hemoglobin were nearly unaltered before and after surgery in 11 cases (84.6 %). Three patients received a blood transfusion (Clavien-Dindo Grade II); one had Grade IIIa complication (insertion of double J stent without general anesthesia); and three had Grade IIIb complications (insertion of double J under general anesthesia).

CONCLUSIONS:

The ultrasonic device demonstrated acceptable hemostatic and resection properties during open partial nephrectomy without ischemia. Our series showed promising perioperative and postoperative outcomes that may help in maximizing preservation of renal function in partial nephrectomy candidates.

KEYWORDS:

Partial nephrectomy; Renal cell cancer; Zero ischemia

PMID:
25935329
DOI:
10.1007/s00345-015-1569-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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