Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Neurology. 2015 Jun 2;84(22):2247-57. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000001642. Epub 2015 May 1.

Neurofilament light chain: A prognostic biomarker in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Author information

1
From the Centre for Neuroscience & Trauma (C.-H.L., G.G., J.K., A.M.), Blizard Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London; Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders (C.-H.L., L.G.), Departments of Neuroinflammation (A.P.), Neurodegenerative Disease (P.F.), Molecular Neuroscience (K.S.), and Clinical Neuroscience (R.O.), and MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases (R.O., L.G.), UCL Institute of Neurology, London; MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (C.M.-W.), University of Bristol; Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences (E.G., K.T., M.R.T.), University of Oxford; Department of Medical Statistics (N.P.), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK; UmanDiagnostics (N.N.), Umeå, Sweden; Medicine Clinical Trial Unit (M.F.), Musgrove Park Hospital, Taunton, UK; National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery (R.O., R.H., A.M.), London, UK; Neurology (J.K.), University Hospital Basel, Switzerland; North-East London and Essex MND Care and Research Centre (A.M.), London; and Basildon and Thurrock University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (A.M.), Basildon, UK.
2
From the Centre for Neuroscience & Trauma (C.-H.L., G.G., J.K., A.M.), Blizard Institute, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London; Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement Disorders (C.-H.L., L.G.), Departments of Neuroinflammation (A.P.), Neurodegenerative Disease (P.F.), Molecular Neuroscience (K.S.), and Clinical Neuroscience (R.O.), and MRC Centre for Neuromuscular Diseases (R.O., L.G.), UCL Institute of Neurology, London; MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (C.M.-W.), University of Bristol; Nuffield Department of Clinical Neurosciences (E.G., K.T., M.R.T.), University of Oxford; Department of Medical Statistics (N.P.), London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK; UmanDiagnostics (N.N.), Umeå, Sweden; Medicine Clinical Trial Unit (M.F.), Musgrove Park Hospital, Taunton, UK; National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery (R.O., R.H., A.M.), London, UK; Neurology (J.K.), University Hospital Basel, Switzerland; North-East London and Essex MND Care and Research Centre (A.M.), London; and Basildon and Thurrock University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (A.M.), Basildon, UK. a.malaspina@qmul.ac.uk martin.turner@ndcn.ox.ac.uk.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test blood and CSF neurofilament light chain (NfL) levels in relation to disease progression and survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

METHODS:

Using an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay, NfL levels were measured in samples from 2 cohorts of patients with sporadic ALS and healthy controls, recruited in London (ALS/control, plasma: n = 103/42) and Oxford (ALS/control, serum: n = 64/36; paired CSF: n = 38/20). NfL levels in patients were measured at regular intervals for up to 3 years. Change in ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised score was used to assess disease progression. Survival was evaluated using Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis.

RESULTS:

CSF, serum, and plasma NfL discriminated patients with ALS from healthy controls with high sensitivity (97%, 89%, 90%, respectively) and specificity (95%, 75%, 71%, respectively). CSF NfL was highly correlated with serum levels (r = 0.78, p < 0.0001). Blood NfL levels were approximately 4 times as high in patients with ALS compared with controls in both cohorts, and maintained a relatively constant expression during follow-up. Blood NfL levels at recruitment were strong, independent predictors of survival. The highest tertile of blood NfL at baseline had a mortality hazard ratio of 3.91 (95% confidence interval 1.98-7.94, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Blood-derived NfL level is an easily accessible biomarker with prognostic value in ALS. The individually relatively stable levels longitudinally offer potential for NfL as a pharmacodynamic biomarker in future therapeutic trials.

CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE:

This report provides Class III evidence that the NfL electrochemiluminescence immunoassay accurately distinguishes patients with sporadic ALS from healthy controls.

PMID:
25934855
PMCID:
PMC4456658
DOI:
10.1212/WNL.0000000000001642
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center