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Pharmacol Rep. 2015 Jun;67(3):610-5. doi: 10.1016/j.pharep.2015.01.001. Epub 2015 Jan 15.

n-3 Fatty acids as resolvents of inflammation in the A549 cells.

Author information

1
Department of Radioligands, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kraków, Poland. Electronic address: jargasinska@cm-uj.krakow.pl.
2
Department of Infectious Diseases, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Faculty of Medicine, Kraków, Poland.
3
Laboratory of Forensic Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, Faculty of Chemistry, Kraków, Poland.
4
Department of Radioligands, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kraków, Poland.
5
Department of Inorganic Chemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Faculty of Pharmacy, Kraków, Poland.
6
Department of Hematology, University Hospital, Kraków, Poland.
7
Department of Medicine, University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Fatty acids and their derivatives are one of the most crucial inflammation mediators. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of polyunsaturated fatty acids as eicosanoids precursors on the A549 cell line.

METHODS:

Cells were incubated with 40 μM of arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic or docosahexaenoic acid for 24h, then activated with LPS. Fatty acids content in the cell membranes were determined using gas chromatography. COX-2, cPGES and FP-receptor quantities were determined by Western blot. 8-Isoprostane F2α concentrations were determined by EIA. Maresin and protectin D1 contents were analyzed by UHPLC/MS-TOF method.

RESULTS:

Significant differences in membrane fatty acids and levels of 8-isoPGF2α in the activated cells were detected. Elevated expression of COX-2 and FP-receptor was observed in cells treated with AA and activated with LPS. Moreover, compared to AA and AA+LPS groups, cells incubated with EPA, DHA, EPA+LPS and DHA+LPS showed decreased expression of COX-2, cPGES and FP-receptor. In cells incubated with EPA or DHA and activated with LPS maresin and protectin D1 were detected.

CONCLUSIONS:

The results of the study have revealed the pro-inflammatory properties of AA, while the EPA and DHA had the opposite, resolving effect. Interestingly, FP-receptor inhibition by EPA and DHA demonstrated the unique role of the FP-receptor as a potential target for antagonists, in the diseases of inflammatory character. This study provides new information about n-3 fatty acids and their pro-resolving mediators, which can be used in the process of developing new anti-inflammatory drugs.

KEYWORDS:

COX-2; FP-receptor; Fatty acids; Maresin; Protectin D1

PMID:
25933977
DOI:
10.1016/j.pharep.2015.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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