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Front Public Health. 2015 Apr 15;3:51. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2015.00051. eCollection 2015.

Health disparities and cancer: racial disparities in cancer mortality in the United States, 2000-2010.

Author information

1
Department of Health Sciences, Boston University , Boston, MA , USA.
2
Slone Epidemiology Center, Boston University , Boston, MA , USA.

Abstract

Declining cancer incidence and mortality rates in the United States (U.S.) have continued through the first decade of the twenty-first century. Reductions in tobacco use, greater uptake of prevention measures, adoption of early detection methods, and improved treatments have resulted in improved outcomes for both men and women. However, Black Americans continue to have the higher cancer mortality rates and shorter survival times. This review discusses and compares the cancer mortality rates and mortality trends for Blacks and Whites. The complex relationship between socioeconomic status and race and its contribution to racial cancer disparities is discussed. Based on current trends and the potential and limitations of the patient protection and affordable care act with its mandate to reduce health care inequities, future trends, and challenges in cancer mortality disparities in the U.S. are explored.

KEYWORDS:

affordable care act; cancer mortality; disparities; race/ethnicity; socioeconomic status

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