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J Otolaryngol. 1989 Dec;18(7):325-33.

Sistrunk revisited: a 10-year review of revision thyroglossal duct surgery at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children.

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National Defence Medical Centre, Ottawa, Ontario.


The definitive surgical management of thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC) was elucidated by Sistrunk in 1920. However, the procedure is often poorly performed. We reviewed the charts of 143 patients managed for TGDC at the Hospital for Sick Children. Toronto, between 1978-1988. These patients underwent 214 surgical procedures at HSC and elsewhere for cure. One hundred and five patients needed only one procedure. Thirty-eight patients had recurrent disease. These needed 109 procedures for cure. Inadequate surgery was the direct cause of recurrence. Areas of surgical failure included misdiagnosis, inadequate hyoid bone resection and persistent infra or suprahyoid tract remnants. Representative case samples are outlined with clinical, surgical and pathologic correlation. We recommend performing the complete, classic Sistrunk procedure for all cases of TGDC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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