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Korean J Pediatr. 2015 Apr;58(4):148-53. doi: 10.3345/kjp.2015.58.4.148. Epub 2015 Apr 22.

Autosomal dominant hypocalcemia with Bartter syndrome due to a novel activating mutation of calcium sensing receptor, Y829C.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
2
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
3
Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, Seoul, Korea. ; Research Coordination Center for Rare Diseases, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea. ; Kidney Research Institute, Medical Research Center, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

The calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) plays an important role in calcium homeostasis. Activating mutations of CaSR cause autosomal dominant hypocalcemia by affecting parathyroid hormone secretion in parathyroid gland and calcium resorption in kidney. They can also cause a type 5 Bartter syndrome by inhibiting the apical potassium channel in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle in the kidney. This study presents a patient who had autosomal dominant hypocalcemia with Bartter syndrome due to an activating mutation Y829C in the transmembrane domain of the CaSR. Symptoms of hypocalcemia occurred 12 days after birth and medication was started immediately. Medullary nephrocalcinosis and basal ganglia calcification were found at 7 years old and at 17 years old. Three hypercalcemic episodes occurred, one at 14 years old and two at 17 years old. The Bartter syndrome was not severe while the serum calcium concentration was controlled, but during hypercalcemic periods, the symptoms of Bartter syndrome were aggravated.

KEYWORDS:

Autosomal dominant hypocalcemia; Bartter syndrome; Calcium-sensing receptors

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