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Ulus Cerrahi Derg. 2013 May 28;29(2):81-3. doi: 10.5152/UCD.2013.20. eCollection 2013.

A rare cause of acute abdomen: Splenic hematoma and rupture resulting from pancreatitis.

Author information

1
Clinic of 1 General Surgery, İzmir Bozyaka Training Hospital, İzmir, Turkey.

Abstract

Splenic subcapsular hematoma and splenic rupture due to pancreatitis are rare causes of acute abdomen. Here we report a case of splenic hematoma and rupture resulting from a second attack of pancreatitis in a 38 year-old woman with chronic pancreatitis due to alcoholism. Her first pancreatitis attack, 4 months before the second, was complicated with a pancreatic pseudocyst that was drained and acute renal failure. The patient underwent pancreatic necrosectomy and splenectomy, and was discharged on the sixth postoperative day without any further complication. We conclude that splenic hematoma, a complication of pancreatitis attack, which may require emergency surgical intervention, must be kept in mind in order to make an early diagnosis. Considering a possible subsequent attack of pancreatitis and determining follow-up criteria, radical treatment must be planned immediately.

KEYWORDS:

Subcapsular splenic hematoma; pancreatic pseudocyst; pancreatitis; splenic rupture

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