Send to

Choose Destination
J Phys Ther Sci. 2015 Mar;27(3):575-9. doi: 10.1589/jpts.27.575. Epub 2015 Mar 31.

The relationship between smartphone use and subjective musculoskeletal symptoms and university students.

Author information

Department of Dental Hygiene, Andong Science College, Republic of Korea.
Department of Physical Therapy, Sunmoon University, Republic of Korea.


[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of smartphones by university students in selected areas, their musculoskeletal symptoms, and the associated hazard ratio. [Subjects and Methods] This involved the completion of a self-administered questionnaire by dental hygiene students in Seoul, Gyeonggido, and Gyeongsangbukdo. The 292 completed copies of the questionnaire were then analyzed. [Results] The most painful body regions after the use of smartphones were found to be the shoulders and neck. In the musculoskeletal system, back pain was found to have a positive correlation with the size of the smartphone's liquid crystal display (LCD) screen, and pain in legs and feet were found to have a negative correlation with the length of time that the smartphone was used. As a result, it was revealed that the use of a smartphone was correlated with musculoskeletal symptoms. [Conclusion] Therefore, in today's environment, where the use of smartphones is on the rise, it is necessary to improve the ways that they are used and to develop a preventive program to alleviate the symptoms of musculoskeletal damage.


Musculoskeletal symptoms; Prevent; Smartphone

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center