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J Diabetes Sci Technol. 2015 Apr 30;9(5):1126-37. doi: 10.1177/1932296815583507.

Hypo- and Hyperglycemic Alarms: Devices and Algorithms.

Author information

1
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA.
2
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY, USA bequette@rpi.edu.

Abstract

Soon after the discovery that insulin regulates blood glucose by Banting and Best in 1922, the symptoms and risks associated with hypoglycemia became widely recognized. This article reviews devices to warn individuals of impending hypo- and hyperglycemia; biosignals used by these devices include electroencephalography, electrocardiography, skin galvanic resistance, diabetes alert dogs, and continuous glucose monitors (CGMs). While systems based on other technology are increasing in performance and decreasing in size, CGM technology remains the best method for both reactive and predictive alarming of hypo- or hyperglycemia.

KEYWORDS:

alarm systems; continuous glucose monitoring; hypoglycemia; low glucose suspend

PMID:
25931581
PMCID:
PMC4667339
DOI:
10.1177/1932296815583507
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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