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Mol Cancer Ther. 2015 Jul;14(7):1614-24. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-14-1078. Epub 2015 Apr 30.

AMG 595, an Anti-EGFRvIII Antibody-Drug Conjugate, Induces Potent Antitumor Activity against EGFRvIII-Expressing Glioblastoma.

Author information

1
Amgen Inc., Seattle, Washington. kjhamblett@comcast.net.
2
Amgen Inc., Seattle, Washington.
3
Amgen Inc., South San Francisco, California.
4
Amgen Inc., Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada.
5
Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California.

Abstract

Epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) is a cancer-specific deletion mutant observed in approximately 25% to 50% of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients. An antibody drug conjugate, AMG 595, composed of the maytansinoid DM1 attached to a highly selective anti-EGFRvIII antibody via a noncleavable linker, was developed to treat EGFRvIII-positive GBM patients. AMG 595 binds to the cell surface and internalizes into the endo-lysosomal pathway of EGFRvIII-expressing cells. Incubation of AMG 595 with U251 cells expressing EGFRvIII led to potent growth inhibition. AMG 595 treatment induced significant tumor mitotic arrest, as measured by phospho-histone H3, in GBM subcutaneous xenografts expressing EGFRvIII. A single intravenous injection of AMG 595 at 17 mg/kg (250 μg DM1/kg) generated complete tumor regression in the U251vIII subcutaneous xenograft model. AMG 595 mediated tumor regression in the D317 subcutaneous xenograft model that endogenously expresses EGFRvIII. Finally, AMG 595 treatment inhibited the growth of D317 xenografts orthotopically implanted into the brain as determined by magnetic resonance imaging. These results demonstrate that AMG 595 is a promising candidate to evaluate in EGFRvIII-expressing GBM patients.

PMID:
25931519
DOI:
10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-14-1078
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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