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Onco Targets Ther. 2015 Apr 13;8:819-25. doi: 10.2147/OTT.S60032. eCollection 2015.

Profile of nimotuzumab in the treatment of high-grade glioma.

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1
Department of Neurosurgery/Neuro-oncology, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

High-grade gliomas (HGG) are extremely aggressive lesions and represent the most common primary malignant brain tumors without an effective therapy. Standard treatment for HGG usually includes surgery followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. However, the prognosis of patients with HGG remains dismal. We review the humanized epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and the major EGFR target drugs in HGG treatments, focusing on the EGFR antibody nimotuzumab as a new therapeutic strategy in HGG. We found that nimotuzumab with or without radiotherapy, chemotherapy in newly diagnosed or recurrent HGG, such as glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), anaplastic astrocytomas (AA), and diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), might improve the response rate or the survival time. In conclusion, nimotuzumab is a very well-tolerated drug with acceptable toxicity, and it may have promising value in the combination treatment. As a result, multiple center randomized controlled Phase III clinical trials need to be conducted to confirm the efficacy and toxicity for nimotuzumab in HGG.

KEYWORDS:

chemotherapy; high-grade gliomas; nimotuzumab; radiotherapy

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