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Occup Ther Health Care. 2015;29(3):330-9. doi: 10.3109/07380577.2014.982314. Epub 2015 Apr 29.

Physiological Effects of Aquatic Exercise in Pregnant Women on Bed Rest.

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Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center , Lubbock, Texas , USA.


This pilot study examined the effectiveness of an Aquatic Exercise Program (AEP) provided by an occupational therapist for pregnant women on hospitalized bed rest. Researchers conducted a retrospective analysis of medical records of hospitalized pregnant women comparing those who attended an AEP (n = 19) to a control group who received no AEP (n = 12). Statistical tests were used to assess evidence of differences in length of gestation as well as blood pressure and amniotic fluid index (AFI) at discharge. Women who received an AEP had increased AFI and length of gestation compared to the control group. This study supports the use of an AEP as an intervention for pregnant women on prescribed bed rest. Further research is recommended to validate these findings with a larger sample.


Amniotic fluid index; Aquatic exercise program; Bed rest; Pregnancy

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