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Bone Joint J. 2015 May;97-B(5):628-35. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.97B5.35076.

Sustained five-year benefit of autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis for femoral acetabular impingement-induced chondral lesions compared with microfracture treatment.

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COF Lanzo Hospital, Lanzo d'Intelvi, Italy.
Galeazzi Orthopaedic Institute, Milan, Italy.


The repair of chondral lesions associated with femoroacetabular impingement requires specific treatment in addition to that of the impingement. In this single-centre retrospective analysis of a consecutive series of patients we compared treatment with microfracture (MFx) with a technique of enhanced microfracture autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC). Acetabular grade III and IV chondral lesions measuring between 2 cm(2) and 8 cm(2) in 147 patients were treated by MFx in 77 and AMIC in 70. The outcome was assessed using the modified Harris hip score at six months and one, two, three, four and five years post-operatively. The outcome in both groups was significantly improved at six months and one year post-operatively. During the subsequent four years the outcome in the MFx group slowly deteriorated, whereas that in the AMIC group remained stable. Six patients in the MFx group subsequently required total hip arthroplasty, compared with none in the AMIC group We conclude that the short-term clinical outcome improves in patients with acetabular chondral damage following both MFx and AMIC. However, the AMIC group had better and more durable improvement, particularly in patients with large (≥ 4 cm(2)) lesions.


AMIC technique; Acetabular chondral defects; Hip arthroscopy; Microfracture

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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