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Brief Funct Genomics. 2015 Sep;14(5):352-7. doi: 10.1093/bfgp/elv017. Epub 2015 Apr 27.

The impact of human copy number variation on gene expression.

Abstract

Recent years have witnessed a flurry of important technological and methodological developments in the discovery and analysis of copy number variations (CNVs), which are increasingly enabling the systematic evaluation of their impact on a broad range of phenotypes from molecular-level (intermediate) traits to higher-order clinical phenotypes. Like single nucleotide variants in the human genome, CNVs have been linked to complex traits in humans, including disease and drug response. These recent developments underscore the importance of incorporating complex forms of genetic variation into disease mapping studies and promise to transform our understanding of genome function and the genetic basis of disease. Here we review some of the findings that have emerged from transcriptome studies of CNVs facilitated by the rapid advances in -omics technologies and corresponding methodologies.

KEYWORDS:

GWAS; copy number variation; eQTLs; gene expression; transcriptome

PMID:
25922366
PMCID:
PMC4592354
DOI:
10.1093/bfgp/elv017
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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