Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Semin Cancer Biol. 2015 Aug;33:3-15. doi: 10.1016/j.semcancer.2015.04.002. Epub 2015 Apr 25.

Cell intrinsic and extrinsic activators of the unfolded protein response in cancer: Mechanisms and targets for therapy.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman University School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; Program in Cell and Molecular Biology, Perelman University School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
2
Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman University School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.
3
Department of Radiation Oncology, Perelman University School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address: costas.koumenis@uphs.upenn.edu.

Abstract

A variety of cell intrinsic or extrinsic stresses evoke perturbations in the folding environment of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), collectively known as ER stress. Adaptation to stress and re-establishment of ER homeostasis is achieved by activation of an integrated signal transduction pathway called the unfolded protein response (UPR). Both ER stress and UPR activation have been implicated in a variety of human cancers. Although at early stages or physiological conditions of ER stress, the UPR generally promotes survival, when the stress becomes more stringent or prolonged, its role can switch to a pro-cell death one. Here, we discuss historical and recent evidence supporting an involvement of the UPR in malignancy, describe the main mechanisms by which tumor cells overcome ER stress to promote their survival, tumor progression and metastasis and discuss the current state of efforts to develop therapeutic approaches of targeting the UPR.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; ER stress; Therapeutic approaches; Tumorigenesis; UPR

PMID:
25920797
PMCID:
PMC4523493
DOI:
10.1016/j.semcancer.2015.04.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center