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Nat Prod Commun. 2015 Feb;10(2):281-4.

Hypotensive and bradycardic effects of quinovic acid glycosides from Aspidosperma fendleri in spontaneously hypertensive rats.


The Aspidosperma genus (Apocynaceae) represents one of the largest sources of indole alkaloids widely associated with cardiovascular effects. Aspidosperma fendleri, a plant found mainly in Venezuela, has a single phytochemical report in which is revealed the presence of alkaloids in its seeds. This study explored the cardiovascular effects of an ethanolic extract of A. fendleri leaves (EEAF) in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and its potential bioactive compounds. Using bioguided fractionation, fractions and pure compounds were intravenously administered to SHR and their effects on mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) and heart rate (HR) monitored over time. EEAF induced hypotensive and bradycardic effects as shown by significant reductions in mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) and heart rate (HR), respectively. Bioactivity-guided fractionation led to the isolation of a mixture of two known isomeric triterpenoid glycosides identified by spectral evidence as quinovic acid 3-O-β-rhamnopyranoside and quinovic acid 3-O-β-fucopyranoside. This mixture of triterpenoid saponins induced reductions in MABP and HR similar to those induced by propranolol. Together, these findings indicate that the two quinovic acid glycosides are responsible for the hypotensive and bradycardic effects which suggest their potential use in cardiovascular therapy.

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