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Int J Cardiol. 2015;190:170-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.04.133. Epub 2015 Apr 17.

Incremental value of copeptin to highly sensitive cardiac Troponin I for rapid rule-out of myocardial infarction.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research Institute Basel (CRIB), University Hospital Basel, Switzerland.
2
Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research Institute Basel (CRIB), University Hospital Basel, Switzerland; Pneumology Department, Parc de Salut Mar-IMIM-UPF CIBERES (ISC iii), Barcelona, Spain; Emergency Department, Parc de Salut Mar, Barcelona, Spain.
3
Emergency Department, Parc de Salut Mar, Barcelona, Spain.
4
Laboratory Medicine, University Hospital Basel, Switzerland.
5
Emergency Department, Kantonsspital Luzern, Switzerland.
6
Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Research Institute Basel (CRIB), University Hospital Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: chmueller@uhbs.ch.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The incremental value of copeptin, a novel marker of endogenous stress, for rapid rule-out of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is unclear when sensitive or even high-sensitivity cardiac troponin cTn (hs-cTn) assays are used.

METHODS:

In an international multicenter study we evaluated 1929 consecutive patients with symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Measurements of copeptin, three sensitive and three hs-cTn assays were performed at presentation in a blinded fashion. The final diagnosis was adjudicated by two independent cardiologists using all clinical information including coronary angiography and levels of hs-cTnT. The incremental value in the diagnosis of NSTEMI was quantified using four outcome measures: area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve (AUC), integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV). Early presenters (< 4h since chest pain onset) were a pre-defined subgroup.

RESULTS:

NSTEMI was the adjudicated final diagnosis in 358 (18.6%) patients. As compared to the use of cTn alone, copeptin significantly increased AUC for two (33%) and IDI (between 0.010 and 0.041 (all p < 0.01)), sensitivity and NPV for all six cTn assays (100%); NPV to 96-99% when the 99 th percentile of the respective cTnI assay was combined with a copeptin level of 9 pmol/l (all p < 0.01). The incremental value in early presenters was similar to that of the overall cohort.

CONCLUSION:

When used for rapid rule-out of NSTEM in combination with sensitive or hs-cTnI assays, copeptin provides a numerically small, but statistically and likely also clinically significant incremental value.

KEYWORDS:

Acute myocardial infarction; Copeptin; Highly sensitive Troponin I; Sensitivity and specificity

PMID:
25918073
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.04.133
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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