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Integr Cancer Ther. 2015 Sep;14(5):446-51. doi: 10.1177/1534735415583554. Epub 2015 Apr 27.

Vivekananda Yoga Program for Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer and Their Family Caregivers.

Author information

1
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA kmilbury@mdanderson.org.
2
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The primary purpose of this study was to establish the feasibility of a couple-based Vivekananda Yoga (VKC) intervention in lung cancer patients and caregivers. Secondly, we examined preliminary efficacy regarding quality of life (QOL) outcomes.

METHOD:

In this single-arm feasibility trial, patients with lung cancer undergoing radiotherapy and their caregivers participated in a 15-session VKC program that focused on the interconnectedness of the dyad. We assessed pre-and post-intervention levels of fatigue, sleep disturbances, psychological distress, overall QOL, spirituality, and relational closeness. We tracked feasibility data, and participants completed program evaluations.

RESULTS:

We approached 28 eligible dyads of which 15 (53%) consented and 9 (60%) completed the intervention. Patients (mean age = 73 years, 63% female, all stage III) and caregivers (mean age = 62 years, 38% female, 63% spouses) completed a mean of 10 sessions and 95.5% of them rated the program as very useful. Paired t tests revealed a significant increase in patients' mental health (d = 0.84; P = .04) and a significant decrease in caregivers' sleep disturbances (d = 1.44; P = .02). Although not statistically significant, for patients, effect sizes for change scores were medium for benefit finding and small for distress (d = 0.65 and 0.37, respectively). For caregivers, medium effects were found for improvement in physical functioning (d = 0.50).

CONCLUSION:

This novel supportive care program appears to be safe, feasible, acceptable, and subjectively useful for lung cancer patients and their caregivers and lends support for further study.

KEYWORDS:

dyadic intervention; family caregivers; feasibility; mind-body medicine; non-small-cell lung cancer; quality of life

PMID:
25917816
PMCID:
PMC4537807
DOI:
10.1177/1534735415583554
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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