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Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2015 Jun;135(6):867-70. doi: 10.1007/s00402-015-2209-7. Epub 2015 Apr 28.

Bleeding in TKA: posterior stabilized vs. cruciate retaining.

Author information

1
Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, University Hospital Mainz, Langenbeckstr. 1, 55131, Mainz, Germany.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Posterior-stabilized (PS) and cruciate-retaining (CR) total knee arthroplasties (TKA) are both successfully used for treatment of end-stage osteoarthritis. The choice of constraint depends on knee deformity and stability as well as most importantly surgeon preference. The aim of this study was to compare the amount of blood loss and required transfusions following TKA with the two different designs.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In a retrospective approach, 473 patients undergoing TKA were included (240 CR and 233 PS from a single manufacturer). Demographics at base line were comparable between both groups. Blood loss [red blood cell (RBC) loss] was calculated after documentation of pre- and postoperative hematocrit levels at discharge. Transfusion requirements were recorded. Statistical analysis was done using Mann-Whitney U test.

RESULTS:

The calculated blood loss (RBC loss) at discharge was 548 ± 216 ml in the PS group compared with 502 ± 186 ml in the CR group (p = 0.032). There were no differences in the transfusion requirements between both groups (PS 0.41 vs. CR 0.37, p = 0.39).

DISCUSSION:

The blood loss was significantly higher in the PS group. This may be due to the box preparation that exposes more cancellous femoral bone, which may add to postoperative bleeding. The differences remain, however, small, as they did not lead to a significantly higher transfusion rate with PS TKA.

PMID:
25917192
DOI:
10.1007/s00402-015-2209-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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