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Thyroid. 2015 Jul;25(7):776-83. doi: 10.1089/thy.2014.0515. Epub 2015 May 19.

Circulating Levels of Orexin-A, Nesfatin-1, Agouti-Related Peptide, and Neuropeptide Y in Patients with Hyperthyroidism.

Author information

1
1 Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Gazi University , Ankara, Turkey .
2
2 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gazi University , Ankara, Turkey .
3
3 Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University , Ankara, Turkey .

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is insufficient information about the appetite-related hormones orexin-A, nesfatin-1, agouti-related peptide (AgRP), and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in hyperthyroidism. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of hyperthyroidism on the basal metabolic rate (BMR) and energy intake, orexin-A, nesfatin-1, AgRP, NPY, and leptin levels in the circulation, and their relationship with each other and on appetite.

METHODS:

In this prospective study, patients were evaluated in hyperthyroid and euthyroid states in comparison with healthy subjects. Twenty-one patients with overt hyperthyroidism and 33 healthy controls were included in the study.

RESULTS:

Daily energy intake in the hyperthyroid state was found to be higher than that in the euthyroid state patient group (p=0.039). BMR was higher in hyperthyroid patients than the control group (p=0.018). Orexin-A was lower and nesfatin-1 was higher in hyperthyroid patients compared to the controls (p<0.001), whereas orexin-A increased and nesfatin-1 decreased after euthyroidism (p=0.003, p<0.001). No differences were found in the AgRP, NPY, and leptin levels between the hyperthyroid and euthyroid states and controls (p>0.05). Orexin-A correlated negatively with nesfatin-1 (p=0.042), BMR (p=0.013), free triiodothyronine (fT3; p<0.001), and free thyroxine (fT4; p<0.001) and positively with thyrotropin (TSH; p<0.001). Nesfatin-1 correlated negatively with orexin-A (p=0.042) and TSH (p<0.001) and positively with fT3 (p=0.005) and fT4 (p=0.001). In the regression analysis, "diagnosis of hyperthyroidism" was the main factor affecting orexin-A (p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS:

Although it seems that no relationship exists among orexin-A, nesfatin-1, and increased appetite in hyperthyroidism, the orexin-A and nesfatin-1 levels are markedly affected by hyperthyroidism.

PMID:
25915725
DOI:
10.1089/thy.2014.0515
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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