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J Exp Child Psychol. 2015 Sep;137:30-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2015.03.013. Epub 2015 Apr 24.

Liar, liar, working memory on fire: Investigating the role of working memory in childhood verbal deception.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA. Electronic address: t.alloway@unf.edu.
2
University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, Scotland, UK.
3
Department of Psychology, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, FL 32224, USA.
4
Department of Psychology, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TP, UK.

Abstract

The aim of the current study was to investigate the role of working memory in verbal deception in children. We presented 6- and 7-year-olds with a temptation resistance paradigm; they played a trivia game and were then given an opportunity to peek at the final answers on the back of a card. Measures of both verbal and visuospatial working memory were included. The good liars performed better on the verbal working memory test in both processing and recall compared with the bad liars. However, there was no difference in visuospatial working scores between good liars and bad liars. This pattern suggests that verbal working memory plays a role in processing and manipulating the multiple pieces of information involved in lie-telling.

KEYWORDS:

Deception; Lying; Second-order belief; Semantic leakage; Verbal working memory; Visuo-spatial working memory

PMID:
25913892
DOI:
10.1016/j.jecp.2015.03.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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