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Eur J Biochem. 1989 Nov 20;185(3):637-43.

2-Aminobenzoyl-CoA monooxygenase/reductase, a novel type of flavoenzyme. Studies on the stoichiometry and the course of the reaction.

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Abteilung Angewandte Mikrobiologie, Universit├Ąt Ulm, FRG.


The reaction catalyzed by 2-aminobenzoyl-coenzyme-A monooxygenase/reductase from a denitrifying Pseudomonas sp. has been investigated. 2-Aminobenzoyl-CoA and 2-amino[carboxy-14C]benzoyl-CoA were synthesized enzymatically using 2-aminobenzoyl-CoA synthetase from the same organism. The product was purified by chromatography and characterized by ultraviolet/visible and 1H-NMR spectroscopy. The conversion of 2-aminobenzoyl-CoA catalyzed by the monooxygenase/reductase requires NADH and oxygen, and yields at least two different products depending on the relative concentration of NADH. At [NADH] less than Km (40 microM), i.e. [NADH]/[2-aminobenzoyl-CoA] approximately 0.02-0.05, the main product is probably a hydroxylated derivative of 2-aminobenzoyl-CoA, which is characterized by an absorbance maximum around 375 nm. When [NADH]/[2-aminobenzoyl-CoA] approximately 2-5, the predominant product is a non-aromatic coenzyme A thioester (lambda max approximately 320 nm). The stoichiometry in this case is 2.1-2.4 mol NADH oxidized (mol oxygen consumed)-1 (mol 2-aminobenzoyl-CoA metabolized)-1. The product is extremely unstable in the acidic pH range and undergoes decarboxylation in a few minutes at pH less than 5. Some degree of stabilisation is obtained upon reduction with sodium borohydride, probably resulting in a further reduced non-aromatic coenzyme-A thioester.

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