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Eur J Biochem. 1989 Nov 20;185(3):629-35.

2-Aminobenzoyl-CoA monooxygenase/reductase, a novel type of flavoenzyme. Purification and some properties of the enzyme.

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1
Abteilung Angewandte Mikrobiologie, Universit├Ąt Ulm, FRG.

Abstract

A novel aerobic mechanism of 2-aminobenzoate metabolism was proposed in a denitrifying Pseudomonas species. 2-Aminobenzoic acid is activated in a coenzyme-A-ligase reaction to 2-aminobenzoyl-CoA and this intermediate is dearomatized by a unique enzyme, tentatively named 2-aminobenzoyl-CoA monooxygenase/reductase. This paper describes the purification and some molecular, kinetic and spectral properties of this flavoenzyme which catalyzes the hydroxylation and reduction of 2-aminobenzoyl-CoA to an unknown non-aromatic compound. 2-Aminobenzoyl-CoA monooxygenase/reductase was purified 25-fold to a specific activity of 25 mumol.min-1.mg-1 protein using ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-cellulose anion-exchange, hydroxylapatite and Mono Q FPLC anion-exchange chromatography. Superose 6 gel filtration for estimation of molecular mass resulted in one symmetrical protein peak corresponding to a molecular mass of 170 kDa. Several experimental data suggest that the protein is probably an alpha 2 dimer; however, it may exist in three dimeric forms, alpha alpha, alpha alpha' and alpha' alpha', where alpha' may be a subunit with a different conformation. Approximately 2 mol noncovalently bound FAD/mol enzyme was found, which in the absence of O2 was reduced by NADH. The enzyme was specific for the substrates 2-aminobenzoyl-CoA (Km less than or equal to 25 microM) and O2 (Km less than or equal to 5 microM), but less specific for the reduced pyridine nucleotides NADH (Km = 42 microM) or NADPH [Km = 500 microM; Vmax (NADH)/Vmax (NADPH) = 1.7:1]. The turnover number was 4250 min-1. The enzyme also reduced N-ethylmaleimide and maleimide with NAD(P)H. The substrate, the products and the reaction stoichiometry are described in two following papers.

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