Format

Send to

Choose Destination
N Engl J Med. 2015 May 14;372(20):1898-908. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1411480. Epub 2015 Apr 25.

Therapeutic hypothermia after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in children.

Collaborators (466)

Moler FW, Dean J, Holubkov R, Christensen JR, Slomine BS, Moler F, Dean J, Holubkov R, Meert K, Hutchison J, Nadkarni V, Kuppermann N, Shankaran S, Silverstein F, Christensen J, Pemberton V, Nicholson C, Singh Weik T, Alten J, Borasino S, Pruitt C, Bush R, Hock K, Dure L, Marullo D, Sanders R, Prodhan P, Hefley G, Dalton H, Buttram S, Wai K, La Bell A, Bliss C, Liss D, Ortiz A, Downhour C, Williams K, Lavoie M, Bordes-Edgar V, Theodorou A, Typpo K, Wells C, Deschenes J, Teodori J, Viscusi C, Katsanis J, Newth C, Rubin S, Bart R, Deakers T, Ghuman A, Khemani R, Markovitz B, Dicarlo J, Ross P, Wang V, Villa M, Fajardo F, Kwok J, Serrano J, Valentine J, Terry J, Yamakawa A, Briones S, Cauley S, Briseno A, Young C, Nyc M, Rosser T, Gold J, Engilman R, Schwarz A, Haykawa J, Patterson T, Vargas-Shiraishi O, Galion A, Armstrong P, Mathur M, Oei G, Barcega B, Newcombe J, Pinto A, Ashwal S, Michelson D, Pivonka-Jones J, Harrison R, Kelly R, Madikians A, Federman M, Morgan M, Yamakawa A, Nyc M, Briones S, Villa M, Kwok J, Serrano J, Valentine J, Engilman R, Gold J, McQuillen P, Tabbutt S, Haeusslein L, Strong S, Glass H, Johnson B, Loomis B, Gano D, Hutchison J, Schwartz S, Guerguerian A, Boutis K, Clark D, Van Huyse J, Fusco K, McBain K, Kravecevic A, Toller L, Gaiteiro R, Furness S, Askaland R, Hahn C, Sananes R, Dobyns E, Rappaport L, Jewett E, Wilson T, Wathen B, Dix M, Allen J, Garling T, DiDomenico D, Loyola D, Bernard T, Dise-Lewis J, Stock A, Battick K, Fleming A, Hanson J, Macogay M, Martin K, Burger K, Pham N, Walson K, Sturm J, Stone C, Wellons A, Meisner S, Weissman B, Alexander A, Johnson A, Goodman D, Smith C, Powell E, Shah S, Chiambrietti J, Lutz C, Vitt C, Jackson-McCarthy L, Leannais N, Wainwright M, Goldstein J, Weil C, Porter M, Sullivan J, Orman K, Owen E, Hardin A, Potter K, Peterson E, Ruppe M, Berkenbosch J, Padmanabhan P, McDonald M, Montgomery V, Calhoun A, Thomas M, Michael A, Schanie C, Rayborn L, Kernen K, Bratton T, Good L, Puri V, Sears L, Bhalala U, Lee Summers J, Bembea M, Shaffner D, Walker A, Shackelford M, Larson A, Jamrogowicz J, Kim J, Felling R, Slomine B, Christensen JR, Slomine BS, DeMatt E, Talley M, Rodweller C, Meert K, Heidemann S, Clark J, Pawluszka A, Lulic M, Frey M, Sivaswamy L, Horman S, Chiodo L, Moler F, Stanley R, Cornell T, Weber M, Reske J, Conlin L, Silverstein F, Carlson M, Warschausky S, Behnke T, Poszywak D, Nowak J, Ortega H, Milner D, Zielinski E, Doucette A, Overman A, Leonard C, Gilles E, Huszar P, Troy M, Alden J, Pineda J, Oren P, Shoykhet M, Friess S, Guilliams K, Jaffe D, Day T, Hicks T, Barganier L, Fish E, Toennies L, Thurst P, Blankenship S, Noetzel M, Guilliams K, White D, Schleien C, Cappell J, Schnadower D, Talathoti N, Sidhu N, Hinton V, van der Jagt E, Taillie E, Nazarian E, Daugherty L, Davis CO, Mulbury J, Kwon J, Adams H, Ofori-Amanfo G, Bordley W, Wrenn S, Uhl T, Milleson C, Smith E, Gustafson K, Asbeck S, Gallentine W, Lloyd E, Hall M, Khan N, Frazier J, Cohen D, Haines J, Carter K, Bird L, Hough S, Lo W, Yeates K, Morfing K, Ginn M, Wheeler D, Geis G, Beckman E, Banschbach S, Monaco M, Hallinan B, Walz N, Lidsky K, Bergant S, Browning A, Haky J, Bass N, Tangen R, Thomas N, Shelly A, Vallati J, Carper P, Spear D, McMonagle A, Stokes J, Watts H, Trescher W, Flaherty-Craig C, Topjian A, Berg R, Nadkarni V, Friess S, Fitzgerald J, Meaney P, Alpern E, DiLiberto M, Twelves C, McGowan S, Sisko M, Park B, Ichord R, Radcliffe J, Hattiangadi Thomas N, Friedman K, Sullivan A, Fink E, Hickey R, Clark R, Bell M, Abraham A, Bell R, Varma R, Beers S, Feldman H, Walters J, McIntyre K, Shah S, Anand K, Woodward C, Hickerson A, Moore B, Nico West A, Grandberry M, Shah N, Clanton N, Berkelhammer L, King O, Huling A, White L, Koch J, Okada P, Miles D, Raman L, Green M, Golson E, Jones A, Kelly D, Plumb T, Van de Bruinhorst K, Dowling M, Stavinoha P, Hernandez A, Wu T, Bauerfeld C, Rodkey M, Dibrell H, Atkinson S, O'Donnell L, Eubanks J, Loftis L, Castillo L, Graf J, Jaimon N, Kyle U, Henry Y, Dean J, Holubkov R, Browning B, Gildea M, Kuhn R, Register K, Tattersall N, Vrem A, Webster A, Clark A, Page K, Wang J, Herrera L, Yearley J, Enriquez R, Demarco D, Virtosu M, Su S, Bell J, Zuspan S, Burr J, Simmons S, McKean V, Traeden C, Nitsuma H, Bennett KS, Lane R, Lilley J, Bjerregaard S, Jacobsen K, Watson A, Stephen D, DelaCruz M, Cooley K, Kwendakwema N, Ameel B, Jensen G, Metcalf M, Cole R, Moore R, Morita D, Burr R, Bennett T, Henricksen J, Hirshberg E, Hubbard A, Larsen G, Poss B, Schober M, Sweney J, Zimmerman J, McGuire J, Farris R, Yanay O, Reid J, Smith L, Brogan T, Hamilton S, Barker R, Greeley C, Sadler Greever M, Gospe S, Amlie-Lefond C, Breiger D, Paolozzi A, Berger J, Wessel D, Sharron M, Basu S, Wratney A, Dean N, Brown K, Reardon J, Tomanio E, Ramos F, Tadesse B, Menicucci M, Carpenter J, Swanson S, Brennan T, Glass P, Malek B, Mintz M, Meyer M, Wakeham M, Hanson S, Gorelick M, Christensen M, Triscari D, Horn B, Murkowski K, Hecox K, Brosig C.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Therapeutic hypothermia is recommended for comatose adults after witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, but data about this intervention in children are limited.

METHODS:

We conducted this trial of two targeted temperature interventions at 38 children's hospitals involving children who remained unconscious after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Within 6 hours after the return of circulation, comatose patients who were older than 2 days and younger than 18 years of age were randomly assigned to therapeutic hypothermia (target temperature, 33.0°C) or therapeutic normothermia (target temperature, 36.8°C). The primary efficacy outcome, survival at 12 months after cardiac arrest with a Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, second edition (VABS-II), score of 70 or higher (on a scale from 20 to 160, with higher scores indicating better function), was evaluated among patients with a VABS-II score of at least 70 before cardiac arrest.

RESULTS:

A total of 295 patients underwent randomization. Among the 260 patients with data that could be evaluated and who had a VABS-II score of at least 70 before cardiac arrest, there was no significant difference in the primary outcome between the hypothermia group and the normothermia group (20% vs. 12%; relative likelihood, 1.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.86 to 2.76; P=0.14). Among all the patients with data that could be evaluated, the change in the VABS-II score from baseline to 12 months was not significantly different (P=0.13) and 1-year survival was similar (38% in the hypothermia group vs. 29% in the normothermia group; relative likelihood, 1.29; 95% CI, 0.93 to 1.79; P=0.13). The groups had similar incidences of infection and serious arrhythmias, as well as similar use of blood products and 28-day mortality.

CONCLUSIONS:

In comatose children who survived out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, therapeutic hypothermia, as compared with therapeutic normothermia, did not confer a significant benefit in survival with a good functional outcome at 1 year. (Funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute and others; THAPCA-OH ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00878644.).

PMID:
25913022
PMCID:
PMC4470472
DOI:
10.1056/NEJMoa1411480
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Secondary source ID, Grant support

Publication types

MeSH terms

Secondary source ID

Grant support

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center