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Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2015 Apr;19(7):1209-18.

Music therapy for coma patients: preliminary results.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Xuzhou Central Hospital, Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, China. chenwei2339@163.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The application of quantitative EEG (δ+θ/α+β value) and GCS value to evaluate the role of music therapy for traumatic brain injury coma patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Forty patients of traumatic brain injury coma were selected to meet the inclusion criteria. Twenty cases were selected for the rehabilitation, neurology and neurosurgery ward, whose families could actively cooperate with, and the patients could receive a long-term fixed nursing staff with formal music therapy (music group). Twenty cases were in the intensive care unit of the rehabilitation, neurology and neurosurgery ward. Their families members cooperated poorly, had often changing nursing staff, and without a formal music therapy (control group). After a one monthe follow up, the GCS value and quantitative EEG (δ+θ/α+β value) were compared between the two groups. Between the two groups, except for the presence or absence of formal music therapy, the rest of treatment had no significant difference and was matched by age, gender, and injury types.

RESULTS:

In 40 cases of traumatic brain injury patients, the GCS value increased in the music group after treatment when compared to the control group. The difference between the two groups was significant (p < 0.05). The quantitative EEG value (δ+θ/α+β value) of music group values were decreased after treatment, and the difference was significant compared with the control group (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Through the quantitative EEG (δ+θ/α+β value) and the GCS observation score, music therapy in patients with craniocerebral trauma coma has obviously an effect on promoting to regain consciousness. The quantitative EEG (δ+θ/α+β value) can be used as an objective index to evaluate the state of brain function.

PMID:
25912580
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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