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BJU Int. 2016 Apr;117(4):697-704. doi: 10.1111/bju.13163. Epub 2015 Jul 2.

Retrograde transport of radiolabelled botulinum neurotoxin type A to the CNS after intradetrusor injection in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
2
Department of Pharmacology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.
3
2nd Department of Urology, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the potential distribution of radiolabelled botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT/A) in the CNS after bladder injection in normal rats, by using the gamma-emitting radionuclide technetium-99 m ((99m) Tc).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

BoNT/A was radiolabelled by pretreatment with 2-iminothiolane and incubation with (99m) Tc-gluconate. The labelled toxin (99m) Tc-BoNT/A was purified using size exclusion HPLC. Twenty-four female Wistar rats were evenly injected in the bladder wall with either (99m) Tc-ΒοΝΤ/Α (n = 12) or free (99m) Tc (n = 12). Four rats from each group were killed at 1, 3 and 6 h after injection, respectively. The bladder, L6-S1 spinal cord segment and L6-S1 dorsal root ganglia (DRG) were harvested and their radioactivity counted in a gamma scintillation detector. Results were calculated as % injected dose (I.D.) per gram of tissue. The paired t-test was used for comparison of means of (99m) Tc-ΒοΝΤ/Α radioactivity vs free (99m) Tc in the tissues of interest.

RESULTS:

Radiolabelled BoNT/A had a high radiochemical stability of 70% after 24 h. Gradual accumulation of (99m) Tc-ΒοΝΤ/Α was observed in the DRG up to 6 h after injection (P = 0.04 and P = 0.029 compared with 1 h and 3 h, respectively), while no accumulation was detected for free (99m) Tc. Consequently, (99m) Tc-ΒοΝΤ/Α radioactivity in the DRG was higher than free (99m) Tc radioactivity (3.18 ± 0.67% I.D./g vs 0.19 ± 0.10% I.D./g [P = 0.002] 6 h after injection). Values for (99m) Tc-ΒοΝΤ/Α radioactivity in the spinal cord were higher than those for free (99m) Tc, but not significantly. The bladder retained higher dosages of (99m) Tc-ΒοΝΤ/Α than free (99m) Tc at all time points.

CONCLUSIONS:

Significant accumulation of the radiolabelled toxin in the lumbosacral DRG, together with a less significant uptake in the respective spinal cord segment as opposed to free radioactivity provide first evidence of the retrograde transport of BoNT/A to the CNS after bladder injection in rats.

KEYWORDS:

axonal transport; bladder; botulinum toxin; ganglia; retrograde; spinal cord

PMID:
25912438
DOI:
10.1111/bju.13163
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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