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Mycologia. 2015 Jul-Aug;107(4):754-67. doi: 10.3852/14-170. Epub 2015 Apr 24.

The phylogenetic position of poroid Hymenochaetaceae (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) from Patagonia, Argentina.

Author information

1
Centro Forestal CIEFAP-CONICET, CC14, 9200 Esquel, Chubut, Argentina and Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia SJ Bosco, Ruta 259 km 16.2, 9200 Esquel, Chubut, Argentina mrajchenberg@ciefap.org.ar.
2
Centro Forestal CIEFAP-CONICET, CC14, 9200 Esquel, Chubut, Argentina and Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia SJ Bosco, Ruta 259 km 16.2, 9200 Esquel, Chubut, Argentina.
3
Laboratorio Biología de Algas y Hongos, Departamento Biología, Bioquímica y Farmacia, Universidad Nacional del Sur, San Juan 670, B8000ICN Bahía Blanca, Argentina.

Abstract

Six poroid Hymenochaetaceae from Patagonia, Argentina, were studied phylogenetically with nuc rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and partial 28S rDNA sequences, together with morphological data. Two new genera and a new species are introduced as well as two new combinations proposed. Arambarria destruens gen. et sp. nov. is proposed for a taxon fruiting on fallen or standing, dead Diostea juncea and Lomatia hirsuta and previously recorded erroneously as Inocutis jamaicensis; it is distinguished by annual, effused to effused-reflexed basidiomes forming pilei, a monomitic hyphal system, thick-walled and yellowish basidiospores (brownish chestnut in potassium hydroxide solution), lack of a granular core in the context and lack of setoid elements. Nothophellinus gen. nov. is proposed to accommodate Phellinus andinopatagonicus, the main white wood-rotting polypore of standing Nothofagus pumilio and also an important wood-decayer of other Nothofagus species from southern Argentina and Chile. It is morphologically similar to Phellopilus (type species P. nigrolimitatus) but differs by lacking setae. The new combinations Pseudoinonotus crustosus and Phellinopsis andina are proposed for Inonotus crustosus and Phellinus andinus, respectively. Phellinus livescens, which decays the sapwood of several standing Nothofagus species, is closely related to Phellinus uncisetus, a Neotropical species related to Fomitiporia; for the time being P. livescens is retained in Phellinus sensu lato. An unidentified taxon responsible for a white heart-rot in living Austrocedrus chilensis grouped with Phellinus caryophyllii and Fulvifomes inermis, but its generic affinities remain ambiguous. Transmission electron microscopy studies confirm this unidentified taxon has an imperforate parenthesome, which is typical of the Hymenochaetaceae.

KEYWORDS:

imperforate parenthesome; molecular phylogeny; polypores; taxonomy

PMID:
25911700
DOI:
10.3852/14-170
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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