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Muscle Nerve. 2016 Jan;53(1):78-83. doi: 10.1002/mus.24693. Epub 2015 Nov 26.

Diagnostic utility of somatosensory evoked potentials in chronic polyradiculopathy without electrodiagnostic signs of peripheral demyelination.

Author information

1
Hospices Civils de Lyon, Université Lyon I, Hôpital Neurologique Pierre Wertheimer, Service de Neurologie Fonctionnelle et d'Epileptologie, 59 Boulevard Pinel, 69003, Lyon, France.
2
Hospices Civils de Lyon, Université Lyon I, Hôpital de la Croix-Rousse, Centre de Référence Maladies Neuro-musculaires Rares, Lyon, France.
3
Centre de Recherche en Neurosciences de Lyon, INSERM U 1028, Lyon, France.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Diagnosis of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) remains uncertain when nerve conduction studies (NCS) fail to show demyelination.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective study of patients who presented with clinical criteria of CIDP in whom electrodiagnostic (EDx) criteria of definite or probable CIDP were missing [axonal sensorimotor neuropathy (n = 23), normal EDx with pure sensory presentation (n = 3)]. All patients received immunomodulatory treatment. Twenty-six patients were evaluated with somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs), MRI of spinal roots, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, and/or nerve biopsy. Diagnosis of CIDP was considered to be confirmed in patients who responded to immunotherapy.

RESULTS:

Twenty-two of 26 patients (85%) had SSEPs reflecting abnormal proximal conduction in sensory fibers, including 14 who had only clinical and SSEP data in favor of CIDP. SSEPs were abnormal in 16 of 20 responders (80%) to immunotherapy.

CONCLUSION:

SSEP recording contributes to the diagnosis of CIDP when nerve conduction studies fail to detect peripheral demyelination.

KEYWORDS:

CIDP; EMG; SSEPs; chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy; electromyography; neuropathy; somatosensory evoked potentials

PMID:
25908550
DOI:
10.1002/mus.24693
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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