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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Apr 28;65(16):1655-1664. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2015.02.044.

Implications of Introducing High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin T Into Clinical Practice: Data From the SWEDEHEART Registry.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: Dina.Melki@karolinska.se.
2
Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
3
Department of Cardiology and Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
4
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Division of Clinical Chemistry, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
5
Department of Medicine, Section of Cardiology, Huddinge, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cardiac troponin is the preferred biomarker for diagnosing myocardial infarction (MI).

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to examine the implications of introducing high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) into clinical practice and to define at what hs-cTnT level risk starts to increase.

METHODS:

We analyzed data from 48,594 patients admitted because of symptoms suggesting an acute coronary syndrome and who were entered into a large national registry. Patients were divided into Group 1, those with hs-cTnT<6 ng/l; Group 2, those with hs-cTnT 6 to 13 ng/l; Group 3, those with hs-cTnT 14 to 49 ng/l (i.e., a group in which most patients would have had a negative cardiac troponin T with older assays); and Group 4, those with hs-cTnT≥50 ng/l.

RESULTS:

There were 5,790 (11.9%), 6,491 (13.4%), 10,476 (21.6%), and 25,837 (53.2%) patients in Groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively. In Groups 1 to 4, the proportions with MI were 2.2%, 2.6%, 18.2%, and 81.2%. There was a stepwise increase in the proportion of patients with significant coronary stenoses, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, and death during follow-up. When dividing patients into 20 groups according to hs-cTnT level, the adjusted mortality started to increase at an hs-cTnT level of 14 ng/l.

CONCLUSIONS:

Introducing hs-cTnT into clinical practice has led to the recognition of a large proportion of patients with minor cardiac troponin increases (14 to 49 ng/l), the majority of whom do not have MI. Although a heterogeneous group, these patients remain at high risk, and the adjusted mortality rate started to increase at the level of the 99th percentile in healthy controls.

KEYWORDS:

acute coronary syndrome; assay; chest pain; myocardial infarction

PMID:
25908071
DOI:
10.1016/j.jacc.2015.02.044
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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