Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Trends Mol Med. 2015 Jul;21(7):427-32. doi: 10.1016/j.molmed.2015.03.005. Epub 2015 Apr 20.

Hospital-associated microbiota and implications for nosocomial infections.

Author information

1
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, 1101 E 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology, Biosciences Department, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439, USA. Electronic address: simonlax@uchicago.edu.
2
Department of Ecology and Evolution, University of Chicago, 1101 E 57th Street, Chicago, IL 60637, USA; Institute for Genomics and Systems Biology, Biosciences Department, Argonne National Laboratory, 9700 South Cass Avenue, Argonne, IL 60439, USA; Graduate Program in Biophysical Sciences, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Marine Biological Laboratory, 7 MBL Street, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA; College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China.

Abstract

The rise of high-throughput sequencing technologies and culture-independent microbial surveys has the potential to revolutionize our understanding of how microbes colonize, move about, and evolve in hospital environments. Genome analysis of individual organisms, characterization of population dynamics, and microbial community ecology are facilitating the identification of novel pathogens, the tracking of disease outbreaks, and the study of the evolution of antibiotic resistance. Here we review the recent applications of these methods to microbial ecology studies in hospitals and discuss their potential to influence hospital management policy and practice and to reduce nosocomial infections and the spread of antibiotic resistance.

KEYWORDS:

built environment microbiology; metagenomics; microbial ecology; nosocomial infections

PMID:
25907678
DOI:
10.1016/j.molmed.2015.03.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center