Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Adolesc Health. 2015 May;56(5):557-63. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.01.019.

Alcohol mixed with energy drink use among u.s. 12th-grade students: prevalence, correlates, and associations with unsafe driving.

Author information

1
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Developmental Psychology Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address: mmartz@umich.edu.
2
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
3
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan; Developmental Psychology Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The consumption of alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) is a risky drinking behavior, most commonly studied using college samples. We know little about rates of AmED use and its associations with other risk behaviors, including unsafe driving, among high school students. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of AmED use among high school seniors in the United States.

METHODS:

Nationally representative analytic samples included 6,498 12th-grade students who completed Monitoring the Future surveys in 2012 and 2013. Focal measures included AmED use, sociodemographic characteristics, academic and social factors, other substance use, and unsafe driving (i.e., tickets/warnings and accidents) after alcohol consumption.

RESULTS:

Approximately one in four students (24.8%) reported AmED use during the past 12 months. Rates of AmED use were highest among males and white students. Using multivariable logistic regression models controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, results indicate that students who cut class, spent more evenings out for fun and recreation, and reported binge drinking, marijuana use, and illicit drug use had a greater likelihood of AmED use. AmED use was also associated with greater odds of alcohol-related unsafe driving, even after controlling for sociodemographic, academic, and social factors and other substance use.

CONCLUSIONS:

AmED use among 12th-grade students is common and associated with certain sociodemographic, academic, social, and substance use factors. AmED use is also related to alcohol-related unsafe driving, which is a serious public health concern.

KEYWORDS:

Alcohol; Alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED); Drinking; Driving; Energy drink; High school students

PMID:
25907654
PMCID:
PMC4409661
DOI:
10.1016/j.jadohealth.2015.01.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center