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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2015 May 13;7(18):9469-78. doi: 10.1021/acsami.5b02737. Epub 2015 Apr 29.

Iron Oxide@PEDOT-Based Recyclable Photothermal Nanoparticles with Poly(vinylpyrrolidone) Sulfobetaines for Rapid and Effective Antibacterial Activity.

Author information

1
‡Department of Chemistry, KAIST, Daejeon 305-701, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Growing microbial resistance that renders antibiotic treatment vulnerable has emerged, attracting a great deal of interest in the need to develop alternative antimicrobial treatments. To contribute to this effort, we report magnetic iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanoparticles (NPs) coated with catechol-conjugated poly(vinylpyrrolidone) sulfobetaines (C-PVPS). This negatively charged Fe3O4@C-PVPS is subsequently encapsulated by poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) following a layer-by-layer (LBL) self-assembly method. The obtained Fe3O4@C-PVPS:PEDOT nanoparticles appear to be novel NIR-irradiated photothermal agents that can achieve effective bacterial killing and are reusable after isolation of the used particles using external magnetic fields. The recyclable Fe3O4@C-PVPS:PEDOT NPs exhibit a high efficiency in converting photothermal heat for rapid antibacterial effects against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. In this study, antibacterial tests for repeated uses maintained almost 100% antibacterial efficiency during three cycles and provided rapid and effective killing of 99% Gram-positive and -negative bacteria within 5 min of near-infrared (NIR) light exposure. The core-shell nanoparticles (Fe3O4@C-PVPS:PEDOT) exhibit the required stability, and their paramagnetic nature means that they rapidly convert photothermal heat sufficient for use as NIR-irradiated antibacterial photothermal sterilizing agents.

KEYWORDS:

PEDOT; antibacterial activity; iron oxide; near-infrared; photothermal; recyclable

PMID:
25905634
DOI:
10.1021/acsami.5b02737
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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