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Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2015 Mar;21(2):134-8. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2015.76508.

Epidemiology of animal-related injuries in a high-income developing country.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.
2
Department of Surgery, Al Rahba Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
3
Department of Surgery, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates; Department of Surgery, Al-Ain Hospital, Al-Ain, United Arab Emirates.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The objective of this study was to investigate the incidence, mechanisms, types, anatomical distribution, and outcome of animal related-injuries in Al-Ain, the United Arab Emirates in order to improve preventive measures.

METHODS:

The study included all patients admitted to Al-Ain Hospital with animal-related injuries for more than 24 hours or the patients who died in the Emergency Department between March 2003 and March 2007.

RESULTS:

There were eighty-nine (2.3%) patients, of whom 99% were males. The median age of the patients was 30 (range, 5-89) years. Camel-related injuries were the most common (84.3%) injuries followed by cow-related injuries (6.7%). 88.7% of the injuries occurred at work. Animal kick was the most common mechanism of injury (32.6%) followed by falls (30.3%). Upper extremity was the most commonly injured region. The median Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 4 (range, 1-13) and the median hospital stay was 6 (range, 1-53) days.

CONCLUSION:

The majority of animal-related injuries were caused by camels. Experience in handling the animals, a good knowledge of animal behavior along with using safety devices and prevention education can reduce the toll of animal-related injuries.

PMID:
25904275
DOI:
10.5505/tjtes.2015.76508
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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