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J Health Psychol. 2015 May;20(5):659-69. doi: 10.1177/1359105315573449.

Do body-related shame and guilt mediate the association between weight status and self-esteem?

Author information

1
University of Toronto, Canada.
2
University of Toronto, Canada catherine.sabiston@utoronto.ca.
3
University of Ottawa, Canada.
4
Concordia University, Canada.
5
Université de Montréal, Canada.

Abstract

Individuals who are overweight or obese report body image concerns and lower self-esteem. However, little is known about the mechanisms underpinning these associations. The objective of this study was to test body-related shame and guilt as mediators in the association between weight status and self-esteem. Young adult participants (n = 790) completed assessments of self-esteem and body-related guilt and shame, and weight status indicators were measured by trained technicians. Findings from multiple mediation analyses suggest that body-related shame mediates the relationship between weight status and self-esteem. If replicated in longitudinal studies, these findings suggest that reducing body-related emotions may have important implications for improving self-esteem in clinical weight management.

KEYWORDS:

mediation; obesity; self-conscious emotions; self-esteem; weight status

PMID:
25903252
DOI:
10.1177/1359105315573449
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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