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Eur J Surg Oncol. 2015 Jun;41(6):779-86. doi: 10.1016/j.ejso.2015.03.227. Epub 2015 Apr 8.

Does a minimum number of 16 retrieved nodes affect survival in curatively resected gastric cancer?

Author information

1
General Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, "A. Gemelli" University Hospital, Catholic University of Rome, Largo A. Gemelli 8, Rome 00167, Italy. Electronic address: biondi.alberto@tiscali.it.
2
General Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, "A. Gemelli" University Hospital, Catholic University of Rome, Largo A. Gemelli 8, Rome 00167, Italy. Electronic address: ddugo@rm.unicatt.it.
3
Surgical Oncology Unit - Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Via Manzoni 56, Rozzano 20089, MI, Italy. Electronic address: fcm.cananzi@hotmail.it.
4
Digestive Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, "A. Gemelli" University Hospital, Catholic University of Rome, Italy. Electronic address: valeriopapa@msn.com.
5
Division of Surgical Oncology, Azienda Ospedaliera Citta della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Turin, Italy. Electronic address: borasi.andrea@gmail.com.
6
General Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, "A. Gemelli" University Hospital, Catholic University of Rome, Largo A. Gemelli 8, Rome 00167, Italy. Electronic address: federico.sicoli@yahoo.it.
7
Division of Surgical Oncology, Azienda Ospedaliera Citta della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Turin, Italy. Electronic address: mdegiuli@hotmail.com.
8
Digestive Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, "A. Gemelli" University Hospital, Catholic University of Rome, Italy. Electronic address: gbdoglietto@rm.unicatt.it.
9
General Surgery Unit, Department of Surgery, "A. Gemelli" University Hospital, Catholic University of Rome, Largo A. Gemelli 8, Rome 00167, Italy. Electronic address: rpersiani@rm.unicatt.it.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

According to the TNM classification, the analysis of 16 or more lymph nodes is required for the appropriate staging of gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether this number of resected lymph nodes also affects survival.

METHODS:

This was a multicenter retrospective study based on an analysis of 992 patients with gastric adenocarcinoma who underwent curative resection between January 1980 and December 2009. Patients were classified according to the number of resected lymph nodes (<16 and ≥16 lymph nodes), the anatomical extent of lymph node dissection (D2 vs. D1), and the staging criteria of the seventh edition of the UICC/AJCC TNM staging system. Survival estimates were determined by univariate and multivariate analyses.

RESULTS:

Based on the univariate and multivariate analyses, the resection of 16 or more lymph nodes was associated with significantly better survival [p = 0.002; hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval [CI]): 0.519 (0.345-0.780)]. Patients with a lymph node count <16 had a significantly worse survival rate than patients with a lymph node count ≥16 in the pN0 (p = 0.001), pN1 (p = 0.007) and pN2 (p = 0.001) stages. In the majority of cases, ≥16 lymph nodes were retrieved when D2 dissection was performed.

CONCLUSIONS:

In gastric cancer the retrieval of less than 16 lymph nodes may cause inaccurate staging and/or inadequate treatment, thus affecting survival rates. These patients should be considered a high-risk group for stage migration and worse survival compared with those who have a retrieval of more than 16 lymph nodes.

KEYWORDS:

Gastric cancer; Lymph node; Prognosis; Staging

PMID:
25899981
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejso.2015.03.227
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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