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Ann Oncol. 2015 Jul;26(7):1421-7. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdv186. Epub 2015 Apr 21.

Targeting HER2 aberrations as actionable drivers in lung cancers: phase II trial of the pan-HER tyrosine kinase inhibitor dacomitinib in patients with HER2-mutant or amplified tumors.

Author information

1
Thoracic Oncology Service, Division of Solid Tumor Oncology, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York krism@mskcc.org.
2
Department of Medical Oncology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora.
3
Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University, Washington, USA.
4
Department of Thoracic Oncology, Aichi Cancer Center, Chikusa-ku Nagoya, Japan.
5
Thoracic Oncology Service, Division of Solid Tumor Oncology, Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York.
6
Pfizer Oncology, Pfizer, Inc., New York.
7
Translational Oncology, Pfizer, Inc., Groton, USA.
8
Pfizer (China) Research & Development Co. Ltd, Pfizer, Inc., Shanghai, China.
9
Molecular Diagnostics Service, Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York.
10
Pfizer Oncology, Pfizer, Inc., San Diego.
11
Lowe Center for Thoracic Oncology and the Belfer Institute for Applied Cancer Science, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

HER2 mutations and amplifications have been identified as oncogenic drivers in lung cancers. Dacomitinib, an irreversible inhibitor of HER2, EGFR (HER1), and HER4 tyrosine kinases, has demonstrated activity in cell-line models with HER2 exon 20 insertions or amplifications. Here, we studied dacomitinib in patients with HER2-mutant or amplified lung cancers.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

As a prespecified cohort of a phase II study, we included patients with stage IIIB/IV lung cancers with HER2 mutations or amplification. We gave oral dacomitinib at 30-45 mg daily in 28-day cycles. End points included partial response rate, overall survival, and toxicity.

RESULTS:

We enrolled 30 patients with HER2-mutant (n = 26, all in exon 20 including 25 insertions and 1 missense mutation) or HER2-amplified lung cancers (n = 4). Three of 26 patients with tumors harboring HER2 exon 20 mutations [12%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 2% to 30%] had partial responses lasting 3+, 11, and 14 months. No partial responses occurred in four patients with tumors with HER2 amplifications. The median overall survival was 9 months from the start of dacomitinib (95% CI 7-21 months) for patients with HER2 mutations and ranged from 5 to 22 months with amplifications. Treatment-related toxicities included diarrhea (90%; grade 3/4: 20%/3%), dermatitis (73%; grade 3/4: 3%/0%), and fatigue (57%; grade 3/4: 3%/0%). One patient died on study likely due to an interaction of dacomitinib with mirtazapine.

CONCLUSIONS:

Dacomitinib produced objective responses in patients with lung cancers with specific HER2 exon 20 insertions. This observation validates HER2 exon 20 insertions as actionable targets and justifies further study of HER2-targeted agents in specific HER2-driven lung cancers.

CLINICALTRIALSGOV:

NCT00818441.

KEYWORDS:

HER2 amplification; HER2 mutations; dacomitinib; lung cancers; tyrosine kinase inhibitors

PMID:
25899785
PMCID:
PMC5006511
DOI:
10.1093/annonc/mdv186
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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