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J Med Chem. 2015 May 14;58(9):3892-909. doi: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00178. Epub 2015 Apr 30.

Discovery of a Novel Series of N-Phenylindoline-5-sulfonamide Derivatives as Potent, Selective, and Orally Bioavailable Acyl CoA:Monoacylglycerol Acyltransferase-2 Inhibitors.

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Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 26-1, Muraoka-Higashi 2-Chome, Fujisawa, Kanagawa 251-8555, Japan.


Acyl CoA:monoacylglycerol acyltransferase-2 (MGAT2) has attracted interest as a novel target for the treatment of obesity and metabolic diseases. Starting from N-phenylbenzenesulfonamide derivative 1 with moderate potency for MGAT2 inhibition, we explored an effective location of the hydrophobic group at the 1-position to enhance MGAT2 inhibitory activity. Shifting the hydrophobic group to the adjacent position followed by introduction of a bicyclic central core to restrict the substituent orientation produced N-phenylindoline-5-sulfonamide derivative 10b, which displayed much improved potency, with an IC50 value of 1.0 nM. This compound also exhibited excellent selectivity (greater than 30,000-fold) against related acyltransferases (MGAT3, DGAT1, DGAT2, and ACAT1). Subsequent optimization efforts were directed toward improving pharmacokinetic profiles, which resulted in the identification of 5-[(2,4-difluorophenyl)sulfamoyl]-7-(2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)-N-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-2,3-dihydro-1H-indole-1-carboxamide (24d) endowed with potent MGAT2 inhibitory activity (IC50 = 3.4 nM) and high oral bioavailability (F = 52%, mouse). In a mouse oral fat tolerance test, oral administration of this compound effectively suppressed the elevation of plasma triacylglycerol levels.

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