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Allergy Asthma Clin Immunol. 2015 Mar 16;11(1):11. doi: 10.1186/s13223-015-0074-0. eCollection 2015.

The role of flavor and fragrance chemicals in TRPA1 (transient receptor potential cation channel, member A1) activity associated with allergies.

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2-10-12 Nishinippori, Arakawa-ku, Tokyo, 116-0013 Japan.
Department of Environmental Toxicology, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616 USA.


TRPA1 has been proposed to be associated with diverse sensory allergic reactions, including thermal (cold) nociception, hearing and allergic inflammatory conditions. Some naturally occurring compounds are known to activate TRPA1 by forming a Michael addition product with a cysteine residue of TRPA1 through covalent protein modification and, in consequence, to cause allergic reactions. The anti-allergic property of TRPA1 agonists may be due to the activation and subsequent desensitization of TRPA1 expressed in sensory neurons. In this review, naturally occurring TRPA1 antagonists, such as camphor, 1,8-cineole, menthol, borneol, fenchyl alcohol and 2-methylisoborneol, and TRPA1 agonists, including thymol, carvacrol, 1'S-1'- acetoxychavicol acetate, cinnamaldehyde, α-n-hexyl cinnamic aldehyde and thymoquinone as well as isothiocyanates and sulfides are discussed.


Allergy; Bradykinin receptors; Flavor and fragrance chemicals; Isothiocyanates; TRPA1

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