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Psychotherapy (Chic). 2015 Jun;52(2):158-63. doi: 10.1037/a0038712. Epub 2015 Apr 20.

Essential processes for cognitive behavioral clinical supervision: Agenda setting, problem-solving, and formative feedback.

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Department of Psychology.
St. Joseph's Healthcare.


Clinical supervision should be a proactive and considered endeavor, not a reactive one. To that end, supervisors should choose supervision processes that are driven by theory, best available research, and clinical experience. These processes should be aimed at helping trainees develop as clinicians. We highlight 3 supervision processes we believe should be used at each supervision meeting: agenda setting, encouraging trainee problem-solving, and formative feedback. Although these are primarily cognitive-behavioral skills, they can be helpful in combination with other supervision models. We provide example dialogue from supervision exchanges, and discuss theoretical and research support for these processes. Using these processes not only encourages trainee development but also models for them how to use the same processes and approaches with clients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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