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Am J Physiol. 1989 Nov;257(5 Pt 2):H1428-37.

Dynamic exercise in senescent beagles: oxygen consumption and hemodynamic responses.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235-9034.

Abstract

Seven senescent beagles and seven younger mature beagles were studied at rest, as well as during maximal and submaximal exercise on a motor-driven treadmill. Maximal exercise capacity was significantly (P less than 0.05) reduced, and maximal total body O2 consumption (VO2 max) was 31% lower in senescent beagles. VO2 was also significantly reduced in old dogs, when directly compared at the same relative workloads in old and younger mature dogs. However, VO2 was very similar in both groups during each of the absolute levels of directly comparable exercise. The observed age-related reduction in VO2 max was associated with a significant 25% reduction in maximal cardiac output (CO) in senescent beagles, and with an 11% reduction in maximal arteriovenous O2 difference. CO was also significantly reduced in old dogs at the same relative levels of submaximal exercise evaluated. Combined effects of reductions in stroke volume and in heart rate both contributed to the observed reductions in CO observed in senescent dogs during maximal exercise, as well as during relative levels of submaximal exercise. However, CO responses at each absolute level of submaximal exercise were similar in senescent and younger mature beagles, and the relationship between CO and VO2 was also similar in both groups. Increases in stroke volume significantly contributed to observed increases in CO beginning at the same relative level of exercise in both old and young dogs. Results of this study demonstrate that significant age-related changes in VO2max and in other associated hemodynamic parameters occur during maximal exercise. Many of these changes are also apparent when relative levels of submaximal exercise are directly compared in senescent and in younger mature beagles. However, most hemodynamic responses during absolute levels of exercise are similar in both groups, unless these parameters reflect the relative workload performed, indicating that these responses are appropriate for each absolute level of work that can be performed in the senescent dogs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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