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Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2015 Aug;13(6):239-47. doi: 10.1089/met.2014.0137. Epub 2015 Apr 20.

Icosapent Ethyl (Eicosapentaenoic Acid Ethyl Ester): Effects Upon High-Sensitivity C-Reactive Protein and Lipid Parameters in Patients With Metabolic Syndrome.

Author information

1
1 Louisville Metabolic and Atherosclerosis Research Center , Louisville, Kentucky.
2
2 Baylor College of Medicine and the Methodist DeBakey Heart and Vascular Center , Houston, Texas.
3
3 Doylestown , Pennsylvania.
4
4 Amarin Pharma Inc. , Bedminster, New Jersey.
5
5 Chilton Medical Center , Pompton Plains, New Jersey.
6
6 Mystic , Connecticut.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this analysis was to examine the effects of icosapent ethyl (eicosapentaenoic acid ethyl ester, IPE) on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and lipid parameters in patients with metabolic syndrome, with and without stable statin therapy.

METHODS:

This post hoc exploratory analysis evaluated patients with metabolic syndrome treated with IPE 4 grams/day, IPE 2 grams/day, or placebo in phase 3, randomized, placebo-controlled studies entitled: MARINE [triglyceride (TG) levels ≥500 and ≤2000 mg/dL] and ANCHOR [TG levels ≥200 and <500 mg/dL, despite low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) control with stable statin therapy].

RESULTS:

Compared with placebo in patients with metabolic syndrome in MARINE (n=204) and ANCHOR (n=645), at the approved dose of 4 grams/day, IPE significantly lowered hsCRP levels 40.0% (P=0.0007) in MARINE and 23.0% (P=0.0003) in ANCHOR. Compared with placebo in MARINE, which included patients with and without statin therapy, IPE 4 grams/day significantly reduced hsCRP levels 78.0% in statin-treated patients (P=0.0035, n=16). Compared with placebo in MARINE, IPE 4 grams/day significantly reduced TG levels (35.0%; P<0.0001), non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C; 19.9%; P<0.0001), and apolipoprotein B levels (ApoB) (9.1%; P=0.0015) without raising LDL-C levels. Compared with placebo in ANCHOR, IPE 4 grams/day significantly reduced TG (21.7%; P<0.0001), non-HDL-C (13.5%; P<0.0001), ApoB (8.8%; P<0.0001), LDL-C (5.2%; P=0.0236), and HDL-C levels (4.0%; P=0.0053).

CONCLUSIONS:

Compared with placebo, IPE 4 grams/day significantly lowered hsCRP levels and improved lipids without raising LDL-C levels in patients with metabolic syndrome and high (≥200 and <500 mg/dL) or very high (≥500 and ≤2000 mg/dL) TG levels, with or without stable statin therapy.

PMID:
25893544
DOI:
10.1089/met.2014.0137
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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