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Obes Res Clin Pract. 2015 Jul-Aug;9(4):365-73. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2014.12.002. Epub 2015 Apr 16.

Changes in lower extremity muscle mass and muscle strength after weight loss in obese men: A prospective study.

Author information

1
Doctoral Program in Sports Medicine, Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan. Electronic address: fabulousbobo79@gmail.com.
2
Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8574, Japan.
3
Faculty of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8574, Japan; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obesity is not only associated with internal diseases but also with surgical problems. Surgical diseases related to obesity frequently occur in the load bearing joints of the lower limbs. To decrease the occurrence of surgical diseases related to obesity, weight loss has been recommended. It is important for obese men to maintain muscle mass and muscle strength after weight loss because low muscle mass and muscle strength are also related to the occurrence of surgical diseases. To date, the importance of muscle mass and muscle strength after weight loss in obese men has been underappreciated.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in lower extremity muscle mass and muscle strength resulting from a weight loss programme consisting of caloric restriction and exercise.

METHODS:

All participants concurrently attended a 12-week diet class 1day/week and a 12-week exercise class 3days/week. Body weight and body composition by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and knee extensor strength by dynamometry were assessed.

RESULTS:

The weight loss programme led to a 14.1% weight loss accompanied by significant loss of leg muscle mass, static maximal muscle strength, dynamic maximal muscle strength and dynamic muscle endurance but not with significant loss of dynamic muscle power. Decline of muscle strength was related to a decrease in muscle mass, but not completely dependent on a decrease in muscle mass. Body weight-normalised muscle strength increased significantly.

CONCLUSION:

We recommend utilising resistance exercise to restore muscle mass and muscle strength in the legs after substantial weight loss.

KEYWORDS:

Lower extremity muscle mass; Lower extremity muscle strength; Obesity; Weight loss

PMID:
25892542
DOI:
10.1016/j.orcp.2014.12.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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