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BMC Cancer. 2015 Apr 2;15:215. doi: 10.1186/s12885-015-1224-y.

Development and analytical validation of a 25-gene next generation sequencing panel that includes the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes to assess hereditary cancer risk.

Author information

1
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. tjudkins@myriad.com.
2
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. bleclair@myriad.com.
3
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. kbowles@myriad.com.
4
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. ngutin@myriad.com.
5
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. jtrost@myriad.com.
6
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. jmccullo@myriad.com.
7
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. satishb@myriad.com.
8
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. amurray@myriad.com.
9
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. jcraft@myriad.com.
10
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. bwardell@myriad.com.
11
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. mbastian@myriad.com.
12
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. jeff@myriad.com.
13
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. jchen@myriad.com.
14
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. thanh@myriad.com.
15
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. dtrem@myriad.com.
16
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. jpotter@myriad.com.
17
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. sjammula@myriad.com.
18
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. mperry@myriad.com.
19
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. bmorris@myriad.com.
20
Myriad Genetic Laboratories, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. broa@myriad.com.
21
Myriad Genetics, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. ktimms@myriad.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Germline DNA mutations that increase the susceptibility of a patient to certain cancers have been identified in various genes, and patients can be screened for mutations in these genes to assess their level of risk for developing cancer. Traditional methods using Sanger sequencing focus on small groups of genes and therefore are unable to screen for numerous genes from several patients simultaneously. The goal of the present study was to validate a 25-gene panel to assess genetic risk for cancer in 8 different tissues using next generation sequencing (NGS) techniques.

METHODS:

Twenty-five genes associated with hereditary cancer syndromes were selected for development of a panel to screen for risk of these cancers using NGS. In an initial technical assessment, NGS results for BRCA1 and BRCA2 were compared with Sanger sequencing in 1864 anonymized DNA samples from patients who had undergone previous clinical testing. Next, the entire gene panel was validated using parallel NGS and Sanger sequencing in 100 anonymized DNA samples. Large rearrangement analysis was validated using NGS, microarray comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification analyses (MLPA).

RESULTS:

NGS identified 15,877 sequence variants, while Sanger sequencing identified 15,878 in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 comparison study of the same regions. Based on these results, the NGS process was refined prior to the validation of the full gene panel. In the validation study, NGS and Sanger sequencing were 100% concordant for the 3,923 collective variants across all genes for an analytical sensitivity of the NGS assay of >99.92% (lower limit of 95% confidence interval). NGS, microarray CGH and MLPA correctly identified all expected positive and negative large rearrangement results for the 25-gene panel.

CONCLUSION:

This study provides a thorough validation of the 25-gene NGS panel and indicates that this analysis tool can be used to collect clinically significant information related to risk of developing hereditary cancers.

PMID:
25886519
PMCID:
PMC4391687
DOI:
10.1186/s12885-015-1224-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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