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Parasit Vectors. 2015 Mar 31;8:191. doi: 10.1186/s13071-015-0808-3.

Invasion of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) into central Africa: what consequences for emerging diseases?

Author information

1
Institut Pasteur de Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic. ngoagounic@yahoo.fr.
2
Institut Pasteur de Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic. kamgang_d@yahoo.fr.
3
Institut Pasteur de Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic. enakouney@gmail.com.
4
Centre International de Recherches Médicales de Franceville (CIRMF), BP 769, Franceville, Gabon. Christophe.paupy@ird.fr.
5
Laboratoire des Maladies Infectieuses et Vecteurs: Ecologie, Génétique, Evolution et Contrôle, UMR 224-5290, CNRS-IRD-UM1-UM2, IRD, Montpellier, France. Christophe.paupy@ird.fr.
6
Institut Pasteur de Bangui, Bangui, Central African Republic. mirdad.kazanji@pasteur.fr.

Abstract

Aedes albopictus, a mosquito native to Asia, has invaded all five continents during the past three decades. It was reported in central Africa in the 2000s, first in Cameroon, and, since then, has colonised almost all countries of the region. The species, originally considered a secondary vector of dengue viruses, has been showed to play a major role in transmission of chikungunya virus in numerous countries, including in the central African region. We review the current spread of Ae. albopictus in central Africa, its larval ecology and its impact on indigenous species such as Ae. aegypti. We explore the potential of Ae. albopictus to affect the epidemiology of emerging or re-emerging arboviruses and discuss the conventional means for its control, while emphasizing the importance of data on its susceptibility to insecticides to cope with potential outbreaks.

PMID:
25885461
PMCID:
PMC4381565
DOI:
10.1186/s13071-015-0808-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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