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BMC Med Educ. 2015 Mar 3;15:29. doi: 10.1186/s12909-015-0318-1.

Effect of online formative assessment on summative performance in integrated musculoskeletal system module.

Author information

1
Taylor's University, School of Medicine, No. 1 Jalan Taylors, 47500, Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia. nilesh59imu@gmail.com.
2
International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ankurbarua26@yahoo.com.
3
Department of Community Medicine, International Medical University, No.126, Jalan 19/155B, Bukit Jalil, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ankurbarua26@yahoo.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The impact of web-based formative assessment practices on performance of undergraduate medical students in summative assessments is not widely studied. This study was conducted among third-year undergraduate medical students of a designated university in Malaysia to compare the effect, on performance in summative assessment, of repeated computer-based formative assessment with automated feedback with that of single paper-based formative assessment with face-to face feedback.

METHODS:

This quasi-randomized trial was conducted among two groups of undergraduate medical students who were selected by stratified random technique from a cohort undertaking the Musculoskeletal module. The control group C (n = 102) was subjected to a paper-based formative MCQ test. The experimental group E (n = 65) was provided three online formative MCQ tests with automated feedback. The summative MCQ test scores for both these groups were collected after the completion of the module.

RESULTS:

In this study, no significant difference was observed between the mean summative scores of the two groups. However, Band 1 students from group E with higher entry qualification showed higher mean score in the summative assessment. A trivial, but significant and positive correlation (r(2) = +0.328) was observed between the online formative test scores and summative assessment scores of group E. The proportionate increase of performance in group E was found to be almost double than group C.

CONCLUSION:

The use of computer based formative test with automated feedback improved the performance of the students with better academic background in the summative assessment. Computer-based formative test can be explored as an optional addition to the curriculum of pre-clinical integrated medical program to improve the performance of the students with higher academic ability.

PMID:
25884641
PMCID:
PMC4351696
DOI:
10.1186/s12909-015-0318-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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