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PLoS One. 2015 Apr 16;10(4):e0122107. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122107. eCollection 2015.

Plasma microRNA levels differ between endurance and strength athletes.

Author information

1
Health and Exercise Sciences Research Group, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland.
2
School of Life Sciences, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland.
3
Lithuanian Sports University, Kaunas, Lithuania.
4
School of Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland.

Abstract

AIM:

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are stable in the circulation and are likely to function in inter-organ communication during a variety of metabolic responses that involve changes in gene expression, including exercise training. However, it is unknown whether differences in circulating-miRNA (c-miRNA) levels are characteristic of training modality.

METHODS:

We investigated whether levels of candidate c-miRNAs differ between elite male athletes of two different training modalities (n = 10 per group)--endurance (END) and strength (STR)--and between these groups and untrained controls (CON; n = 10). Fasted, non-exercised, morning plasma samples were analysed for 14 c-miRNAs (miR-1, miR-16-2, miR-20a-1, miR-21, miR-93, miR-103a, miR-133a, miR-146a, miR-192, miR-206, miR-221, miR-222, miR-451, miR-499). Moreover, we investigated whether c-miRNA levels were associated with quantitative performance-related phenotypes within and between groups.

RESULTS:

miR-222 was present at different levels in the three participant groups (p = 0.028) with the highest levels being observed in END and the lowest in STR. A number of other c-miRNAs were present at higher levels in END than in STR (relative to STR, ± 1 SEM; miR-222: 1.94 fold (1.73-2.18), p = 0.011; miR-21: 1.56 fold (1.39-1.74), p = 0.013; miR-146a: 1.50 fold (1.38-1.64), p = 0.019; miR-221: 1.51 fold (1.34-1.70), p = 0.026). Regression analyses revealed several associations between candidate c-miRNA levels and strength-related performance measures before and after adjustment for muscle or fat mass, but not following adjustment for group.

CONCLUSION:

Certain c-miRNAs (miR-222, miR-21, miR-146a and miR-221) differ between endurance- and resistance-trained athletes and thus have potential as useful biomarkers of exercise training and / or play a role in exercise mode-specific training adaptations. However, levels of these c-miRNAs are probably unrelated to muscle bulk or fat reserves.

PMID:
25881132
PMCID:
PMC4400105
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0122107
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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