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Nutrients. 2015 Apr 14;7(4):2788-800. doi: 10.3390/nu7042788.

Hydrolysis of the rutinose-conjugates flavonoids rutin and hesperidin by the gut microbiota and bifidobacteria.

Author information

1
Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, via Campi 183, 41125 Modena, Italy. alberto.amaretti@unimore.it.
2
Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, via Campi 183, 41125 Modena, Italy. stefano.raimondi@unimore.it.
3
Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, via Campi 183, 41125 Modena, Italy. alan.leonardi@unimore.it.
4
Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, via Campi 183, 41125 Modena, Italy. andrea.quartieri@unimore.it.
5
Department of Life Sciences, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, via Campi 183, 41125 Modena, Italy. maddalena.rossi@unimore.it.

Abstract

Flavonols and flavanones are polyphenols exerting many healthy biological activities. They are often glycosylated by rutinose, which hampers absorption in the small intestine. Therefore they require the gut microbiota to release the aglycone and enable colonic absorption. The role of the gut microbiota and bifidobacteria in the release of the aglycones from two major rutinosides, hesperidin and rutin, was investigated. In bioconversion experiments, the microbiota removed rutinose from both rutin and hesperidin, even though complete hydrolysis was not obtained. To investigate whether bifidobacteria can participate to the hydrolysis of rutinosides, 33 strains were screened. Rutin was resistant to hydrolysis by all the strains. Among six tested species, mostly Bifidobacterium catenulatum and Bifidobacterium pseudocatenultum were able to hydrolyze hesperidin, by means of a cell-associated activity. This result is in agreement with the presence of a putative α-l-rhamnosidase in the genome of B. pseudocatenulatum, while most of the available genome sequences of bifidobacteria aside from this species do not bear this sequence. Even though B. pseudocatenulatum may contribute to the release of the aglycone from certain rutinose-conjugated polyphenols, such as hesperidin, it remains to be clarified whether this species may exert a role in affecting the bioavailability of the rutinoside in vivo.

PMID:
25875120
PMCID:
PMC4425173
DOI:
10.3390/nu7042788
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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